WHO reveals leading causes of death today.
These new figures revealed by WHO, bring to light the damage that communicable diseases still take in countries with low-income. 6 of the top 10 causes of death in low-income countries are still communicable diseases, including malaria (6th place), tuberculosis (8) and HIV / AIDS (9).
Heart disease remains the leading causes of death today, globally, while dementia (7) makes its first entry into the top 10.
HIV / AIDS dropped from eighth place to nineteen, in twenty years. In Africa, which still has the highest number of AIDS victims, in 2000, the disease killed 1 million people, in 2019 it had dropped to 435,000 victims.
The number of deaths from heart disease continued to increase, from more than two million in 2000, to nearly nine million in 2019 (16 percent of all deaths).
Various lung and respiratory diseases (both transmissible such as, for example, COVID-19, and non-transmissible, such as, for example, lung cancer), also increased.
It is clear that in the last two decades there has been an increase in cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer and serious injuries known as non-communicable diseases.
Tuberculosis is no longer in the world top 10 of leading causes of death today. In 2000, this disease was still seventh, now thirteenth, with a 30 percent reduction in the number of deaths worldwide. Still, it remains one of the top 10 causes of death in Africa and the Southeast Asian regions. Africa saw a renewed increase in tuberculosis, even after 2000, although this disease had started to decline in the years before.
In infectious diseases, there has been a decline in the number of deaths, although it is smaller in low and middle income countries.
Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia are ranked 7th worldwide in leading causes of death today, but number 3 in both the United States and Europe. Women are disproportionately affected: 65 percent of deaths in this category are women.
Figures from the WHO show that non-communicable diseases now account for seven of the ten leading causes of death today, in 2000 there were only four.